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Pars Bitumen Paraffin Wax

There are two types of Paraffin, Solid and Liquid, the one which we are going to elaborate on, is the Solid Paraffin. Solid Paraffin wax is a white or colorless soft solid derivable from petroleum produced by Pars Bitumen, which can be processed and achieved in a wide range of physical and chemical properties, using different refining methods. Pars Bitumen Paraffin waxes are mostly graded according to the oil content, ranging from around 0.5% to above 20%. The change in oil content can lead to different physical and chemical behaviors of paraffin wax.

What is Pars Bitumen solid paraffin wax?

Fully refined solid paraffin wax is a mixture of solid saturated hydrocarbons extracted from crude oil. It’s unique appearance and free from any foreign substances makes it solid at room temperature. The Melted paraffin must be a clear liquid free of water, foreign particles and visible impurities. Solid paraffin is obtained through various steps that are performed on slack wax.  The water-repellent and thermoplastic properties of paraffin waxes make them ideal for many applications.

Paraffin wax is often classified as a stable chemical since it is unaffected by most common chemical reagents but burns readily.

Paraffin wax is mostly found as a white, odorless, tasteless, waxy solid, with a melting point between 46 to 68°C (115 and 154°F) and a density of approximately 900, which is insoluble in water, but soluble in benzene, ether,  and certain esters.

For buying solid paraffin, many features must be considered, the first and most important of which is to prepare the right paraffin for the right application. The amount of oil in paraffin plays the main role. solid paraffin has 3-5% of oil which has lower quality in comparison with 1-2% oil content.

Paraffin wax is resistant to many acids and alkalis and also is a suitable coating as a corrosion protection for barrels and industrial tanks. Furthermore, due to its dominant properties as an electrical insulator, it has many applications and is used in various industries, including textil.

Applications of Pars Bitumen Paraffin Wax:

rubber making, glue and hot melt, thermal and electrical insulation, candle production (paraffin candle making), cosmetics and hygiene products, waterproof coatings, ink making, match making, paper coating, paint making and etc.

Paraffin wax cannot be used as fuel. Although paraffin is flammable, but not enough to be used as a source of heat energy.

Solid paraffin is mainly used as a lubricant in factories, workshops and various industrial environments. This type of paraffin can be used to lubricate the blades that cut the paper and in mechanical mixing. Although it is recommended to use liquid paraffin, solid paraffin is also widely used in these cases.

Paraffin is also used comprehensively in art to produce dyed and colored pencils. Although this substance is directly one of the petroleum products, solid paraffin is essentially different from kerosene and other petroleum products.

Paraffin wax is also an excellent material for storing heat, with a specific heat capacity of 2.14–2.9 J g−1 K−1 (joules per gram kelvin) and a heat of fusion of 200–220 J g−1. Wax expands considerably when it melts and this allows its use in wax thermostatic element thermostats for industrial, domestic and, particularly, automobile purposes.

Paraffin has various uses in industry, agriculture, human and medical uses. For lubrication in industrial parts, production of cosmetics and health products, treatment and physiotherapy, handicrafts and candles, rubber industry, match making, paraffin in wire and cable, resin and paint and glue, defense industry and using this unique product.

Solid paraffin consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules, containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms.

Solid paraffin is solid at normal or room temperature. The melting point of this product is above 37°C (99°F). Also, the boiling point of solid paraffin is above 370 degrees Celsius (698 degrees Fahrenheit).

The Saybolt color test method (ASTM D156) is used for nearly colorless waxes, and in this method, a melted sample is placed in a heated vertical tube mounted alongside a second tube containing standard color disks. The test method for the color of petroleum products (ASTM DI500, IP 196) is for wax and petrolatum that are too dark for the Saybolt colorimeter.

Types of solid paraffin

There are many types of solid paraffin that are categorized based on the grade, color and smell, application and etc. The first type is slab paraffin, which is available in broad form. The second type is coarse paraffin. The volume of the second type is relatively smaller in comparison with slab paraffin. Of course, these paraffins melt easily and are easy to be used.

Pars Bitumen Oil content of solid paraffin wax:

Oil content affects the color and stability of this product more than anything else. The oil content of solid paraffin is related to the amount of low-melting hydrocarbons in this type of paraffin. In addition to this, derivatives and petroleum contents are used to reduce the hardness of this material. Therefore, the solid paraffin paste contains oil, which must have been removed from the vacuum fraction first. Then, the experts reduce the amount of oil in this product with the sweating process or common de-oiling methods. However, most paraffin products, as well as solid paraffin, should also contain small amounts of petroleum. These values ​​are used in improving the effectiveness of paraffin, gloss and release from the mold.

Properties of solid paraffin

In general, solid paraffin is also called paraffin wax, solid wax and paraffin wax. In chemistry, this substance is placed in the category of alkanes and is not the result of special chemical compounds. Hydrocarbon materials such as solid paraffin are completely harmless in natural conditions and have many benefits.

Pars Bitumen Paraffin Wax